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Archive for October, 2007

Episode 34 — Westminster Confession of Faith: Chapter 2: Of God, and of the Holy Trinity, Section 1

Series: Westminster Confession of Faith

This week Steve Bradley, Randy Johovich, and Marlin Klingensmith begin a discussion of chapter 2 of the Westminster Confession of Faith. They will discuss section 1 of the chapter: Of God, and the Holy Trinity.

Running time: 52:23

Click here for 34: Westminster Confession of Faith — Chapter 2: Of God, and of the Holy Trinity, Section 1


Program notes: The following are quoted in this discussion.Westminster Shorter Catechism

Q. 1. What is the chief end of man?

A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever.

Westminster Confession of Faith

Chapter 2 Section 1

There is but one only, living, and true God, who is infinite in being and perfection, a most pure spirit, invisible, without body, parts, or passions; immutable, immense, eternal, incomprehensible, almighty, most wise, most holy, most free, most absolute; working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will, for His own glory; most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him; and withal, most just, and terrible in His judgments, hating all sin, and who will by no means clear the guilty.

Romans 1:18-20

18For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.

Psalm 110:1

1 The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”

Amos 7:1-6

1 This is what the Sovereign LORD showed me: He was preparing swarms of locusts after the king’s share had been harvested and just as the second crop was coming up. 2 When they had stripped the land clean, I cried out, “Sovereign LORD, forgive! How can Jacob survive? He is so small!”

3 So the LORD relented. “This will not happen,” the LORD said.

4 This is what the Sovereign LORD showed me: The Sovereign LORD was calling for judgment by fire; it dried up the great deep and devoured the land. 5 Then I cried out, “Sovereign LORD, I beg you, stop! How can Jacob survive? He is so small!”

6 So the LORD relented. “This will not happen either,” the Sovereign LORD said.

Isaiah 55:9

9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth,
so are my ways higher than your ways
and my thoughts than your thoughts.

1 Corinthians 10:31

31So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.

Job 1:9

9Then Satan answered the LORD and said, “Does Job fear God for no reason?

Episode 33 — Sin: Heaven

Series: Sin

Episode 33: Sin — Heaven

This week Randy Johovich, and Marlin Klingensmith finish a series on Sin.

In this final episode in the series, the panel will discuss the topic of the place where there will be no more sin: heaven.

Running time: 45:33

Click here for Episode 33: Sin — Heaven.

Program notes: The following are quoted in this discussion.

Revelation 21:1-22:5

1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the
first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. 2 And I saw the
holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared
as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the
throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will
dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be
with them as their God. 4 He will wipe away every tear from their
eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor
crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”

5 And he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all
things new.” Also he said, “Write this down, for these words are
trustworthy and true.” 6 And he said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha
and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give
from the spring of the water of life without payment. 7 The one who
conquers will have this heritage, and I will be his God and he will be
my son. 8 But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as
for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all
liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and
sulfur, which is the second death.”

9 Then came one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the
seven last plagues and spoke to me, saying, “Come, I will show you the
Bride, the wife of the Lamb.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit
to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem
coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God, its
radiance like a most rare jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. 12 It
had a great, high wall, with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve
angels, and on the gates the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of
Israel were inscribed— 13 on the east three gates, on the north three
gates, on the south three gates, and on the west three gates. 14 And
the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the
twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 And the one who spoke with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure
the city and its gates and walls. 16 The city lies foursquare, its
length the same as its width. And he measured the city with his rod,
12,000 stadia. Its length and width and height are equal. 17 He also
measured its wall, 144 cubits by human measurement, which is also an
angel’s measurement. 18 The wall was built of jasper, while the city
was pure gold, clear as glass. 19 The foundations of the wall of the
city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the
second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth
onyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl,
the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, the
twelfth amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls, each of
the gates made of a single pearl, and the street of the city was pure
gold, transparent as glass.

22 And I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the
Almighty and the Lamb. 23 And the city has no need of sun or moon to
shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the
Lamb. 24 By its light will the nations walk, and the kings of the earth
will bring their glory into it, 25 and its gates will never be shut by
day—and there will be no night there. 26 They will bring into it the
glory and the honor of the nations. 27 But nothing unclean will ever
enter it, nor anyone who does what is detestable or false, but only
those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

22:1 Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as
crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2 through the
middle of the street of the city; also, on either side of the river,
the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit
each month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the
nations. 3 No longer will there be anything accursed, but the throne
of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants will worship
him. 4 They will see his face, and his name will be on their
foreheads. 5 And night will be no more. They will need no light of lamp
or sun, for the Lord God will be their light, and they will reign
forever and ever.

1 Thessalonians 4:16-17

16 For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command,
with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of
God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive,
who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to
meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.

Psalm 23:6

…I shall dwell in the house of the LORD forever.

Hebrews 4:8-10

8 For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of
another day later on. 9 So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the
people of God, 10 for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested
from his works as God did from his.

Audio clip from the movie Toy Story

Buzz Lightyear: Say there Lizard and Stretchy Dog, let me show you something. It looks as though I’ve been accepted into your culture. You chief, Andy, inscribed his name on me.

Rex and Slinky: Wow!

Rex: With permanent ink, too!

Buzz: Well, I must get back to repairing my ship.

Jonathan Edwards, Heaven: A World Of Love, John Gerstner, ed., p. 11-12, from Charity and Its Fruits.

There, even in heaven, dwells the God from whom every stream of holy love, yea, every drop that is, or ever was, proceeds. There dwells God the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit, united as one, in infinitely dear, and incomprehensible, and mutual, and eternal love. There dwells God the Father, who is the Father of mercies, and so the Father of love, who so loved the world as to give His only-begotten Son to die for it.

There dwells Christ, the Lamb of God, the Prince of peace and of love, who so loved the world that He shed His blood, and poured out His soul unto death for men. There dwells the great Mediator, through whom all the divine love is expressed toward men, and by whom the fruits of that love have been purchased, and through whom they are communicated, and through whom love is imparted to the hearts of all God’s people. There dwells Christ in both His natures, the human and the divine, sitting on the same throne with the Father.

And there dwells the Holy Spirit—the Spirit of divine love, in whom the very essence of God, as it were, flows out, and is breathed forth in love, and by whose immediate influence all holy love is shed abroad in the hearts of all the saints on earth and in heaven.

There, in heaven, this infinite fountain of love—this eternal Three in One—is set open without any obstacle to hinder access to it, as it flows forever. There this glorious God is manifested, and shines forth, in full glory, in beams of love. And there this glorious fountain forever flows forth in streams, yea, in rivers of love and delight, and these rivers swell, as it were, to an ocean of love, in which the souls of the ransomed may bathe with the sweetest enjoyment, and their hearts, as it were, be deluged with love, and that forever!

1 Corinthians 6:9-11

9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom
of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor
idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, 10 nor
thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers
will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were some of you. But you
were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of
the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Hebrews 12:18-24

18 For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and
darkness and gloom and a tempest 19 and the sound of a trumpet and a
voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be
spoken to them. 20 For they could not endure the order that was given,
“If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.” 21 Indeed,
so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”
22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God,
the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,
23 and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and
to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made
perfect, 24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the
sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

Philippians 3:12

12 Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect, but I
press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own.

Episode 32 — Sin: Perfection, Part 2

Series: Sin

Episode 32: Sin — Perfection, Part 2

This week Randy Johovich, Marlin Klingensmith and Vince Scavo continue a series on Sin.

In this episode the panel will discuss the topic of perfection in this life.

Running time: 32:54

Click here for Episode 32: Sin — Perfection, Part 2.

Program notes: The following are quoted in this discussion.

Romans 7:13-25

13Did that which is good, then, bring death to me? By no means! It was sin, producing death in me through what is good, in order that sin might be shown to be sin, and through the commandment might become sinful beyond measure. 14For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am of the flesh, sold under sin. 15For I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate. 16Now if I do what I do not want, I agree with the law, that it is good. 17So now it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me. 18For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh. For I have the desire to do what is right, but not the ability to carry it out. 19 For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing. 20Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me.

21So I find it to be a law that when I want to do right, evil lies close at hand. 22For I delight in the law of God, in my inner being, 23but I see in my members another law waging war against the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin that dwells in my members. 24Wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death? 25Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin.

Philippians 3:12-16

12Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect, but I press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own. 13Brothers, I do not consider that I have made it my own. But one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, 14I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus. 15Let those of us who are mature think this way, and if in anything you think otherwise, God will reveal that also to you. 16Only let us hold true to what we have attained.

1 John 1:8-10

8 If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

Charles Finney from Christian Perfection in the book Lectures to Professing Christians

I know the apostle Pauls,[sic] says, in one place, “Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect.” But it is not said that he continued so till his death, or that he never did attain to perfect sanctification. And the manner in which he speaks in the remainder of the verse, looks as if he expected to become so: “But I follow after, it that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.” Nor des it appear to me to be true that in this passage referred to, he is speaking of perfect sanctification, but rather of perfect knowledge.

And the apostle John speaks of himself as if he loved God perfectly. But whatever may be the truth as to the actual character of the apostles, it does not follow, because they were not perfect that no others can be.

Galatians 5:16-17

16But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. 17For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to keep you from doing the things you want to do.

Romans 7:25-8:1

25Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin. 1There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.

Episode 31 — Sin: Perfection, Part 1

Series: Sin

Episode 31: Sin — Perfection, Part 1

This week Randy Johovich, Marlin Klingensmith and Vince Scavo continue a series on Sin.

In this episode the panel will discuss the topic of perfection in this life.

Running time: 30:28

Click here for Episode 31: Sin — Perfection, Part 1.

Program notes: The following are quoted in this discussion.

G. K. Chesterton in his book Orthodoxy

Certain new theologians dispute original sin, which is the only part of Christian theology which can really be proved. Some followers of the Reverend R.J. Campbell, in their almost too fastidious spirituality, admit divine sinlessness, which they cannot see even in their dreams. But they essentially deny human sin, which they can see in the street….

Charles Finney from Christian Perfection in the book Lectures to Professing Christians

I am to show what Christian perfection is; or what is the duty actually required in the text [Matthew 5:48 “Be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect”]

It is perfect obedience to the law of God. The law of God requires perfect, disinterested, impartial benevolence, love to God an love to our neighbor. It requires that we should be actuated by the same feeling, and to act on the same principles that God acts upon; to leave self out of the question as uniformly as he does, to be as much separated from selfishness as he is; in a word, to be in our mreasure as perfect as God is. Christianity requires that we should do neither more nor less than the law of God prescribes. Nothing short of this is Christian perfection. This is being, morally, just as perfect as God. Every thing is hear included, to feel as he feels, to love what he loves, and hate what he hates, and for the same reasons that he loves and hates.

Charles Finney from Christian Perfection in the book Lectures to Professing Christians

I am to show that Christian Perfection is a duty. 1. This is evident from the fact that God requires it, both under the law and under the gospel.

Charles Finney from Christian Perfection in the book Lectures to Professing Christians

If you were willing to be perfect, you would be perfect; for the perfection required is only perfect conformity of the will to God’s law or willing right.

Episode 31 Delayed

Episode 31 will be released Tuesday instead of Monday this week. Sorry for the inconvenience.

Best regards,
M.

Episode 30 — Sin: Sanctification

Series: Sin

Episode 30: Sin — Sanctification

This week Randy Johovich and Marlin Klingensmith continue a series on Sin.

In this episode the panel will discuss the topic of sanctification.

Running time: 47:30

For episode 30, click here.

Program notes: The following are quoted in this discussion.

Westminster Shorter Catechism

Q35: What is Sanctification?
A: Sanctification is the work of God’s free grace by which our whole person is made new in the image of God, and we are made more and more able to become dead to sin and alive to righteousness.

Children’s catechism

Q51: What happens in sanctification?
A: God makes the hearts and actions of believers holy.

Louis Berkhof’s definition of Sanctification

That gracious and continuous operation of the Holy Spirit, by which He delivers the justified sinner from the pollution of sin, renews his whole nature in the image of God, and enables him to perform good works.

Strong’s definition of the Greek word for sanctify: άγιαζω (hageeazo)

To make holy, to purify, to consecrate.

Strong’s definition of the Greek word άγιος (hageeos)

Holy one, saint, set apart one.

Martin Luther’s Definition of Faith

Faith is not what some people think it is. Their human dream is a delusion. Because they observe that faith is not followed by good works or a better life, they fall into error, even though they speak and hear much about faith. “Faith is not enough,” they say, “You must do good works, you must be pious to be saved.” They think that, when you hear the gospel, you start working, creating by your own strength a thankful heart which says, “I believe.” That is what they think true faith is. But, because this is a human idea, a dream, the heart never learns anything from it, so it does nothing and reform doesn’t come from this ‘faith,’ either.

Instead, faith is God’s work in us, that changes us and gives new birth from God. (John 1:13). It kills the Old Adam and makes us completely different people. It changes our hearts, our spirits, our thoughts and all our powers. It brings the Holy Spirit with it. Yes, it is a living, creative, active and powerful thing, this faith. Faith cannot help doing good works constantly. It doesn’t stop to ask if good works ought to be done, but before anyone asks, it already has done them and continues to do them without ceasing. Anyone who does not do good works in this manner is an unbeliever. He stumbles around and looks for faith and good works, even though he does not know what faith or good works are. Yet he gossips and chatters about faith and good works with many words.

Faith is a living, bold trust in God’s grace, so certain of God’s favor that it would risk death a thousand times trusting in it. Such confidence and knowledge of God’s grace makes you happy, joyful and bold in your relationship to God and all creatures. The Holy Spirit makes this happen through faith. Because of it, you freely, willingly and joyfully do good to everyone, serve everyone, suffer all kinds of things, love and praise the God who has shown you such grace. Thus, it is just as impossible to separate faith and works as it is to separate heat and light from fire! Therefore, watch out for your own false ideas and guard against good-for-nothing gossips, who think they’re smart enough to define faith and works, but really are the greatest of fools. Ask God to work faith in you, or you will remain forever without faith, no matter what you wish, say or can do.

Romans 8:29

29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.

1 Corinthians 6:9-11

9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, 10 nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Colossians 3:5-17

5 Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry. 6 On account of these the wrath of God is coming. 7 In these you too once walked, when you were living in them. 8 But now you must put them all away: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and obscene talk from your mouth. 9 Do not lie to one another, seeing that you have put off the old self with its practices 10 and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator. 11 Here there is not Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave,[e] free; but Christ is all, and in all.

12 Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassionate hearts, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience, 13 bearing with one another and, if one has a complaint against another, forgiving each other; as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also must forgive. 14 And above all these put on love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony. 15 And let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body. And be thankful. 16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God. 17 And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.

1 John 3:1-3

1 See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are. The reason why the world does not know us is that it did not know him. 2 Beloved, we are God’s children now, and what we will be has not yet appeared; but we know that when he appears we shall be like him, because we shall see him as he is. 3 And everyone who thus hopes in him purifies himself as he is pure.

Romans 6:5-14

5 For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we shall certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his. 6 We know that our old self was crucified with him in order that the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. 7 For one who has died has been set free from sin. 8 Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him. 9 We know that Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. 10 For the death he died he died to sin, once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God. 11 So you also must consider yourselves dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus.

12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, to make you obey its passions. 13 Do not present your members to sin as instruments for unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and your members to God as instruments for righteousness. 14 For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.

Ephesians 5:22-33

22 Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. 23 For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. 24 Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit in everything to their husbands.

25 Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, 26 that he might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, 27 so that he might present the church to himself in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish. 28 In the same way husbands should love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29 For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, just as Christ does the church, 30 because we are members of his body. 31 “Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.” 32 This mystery is profound, and I am saying that it refers to Christ and the church. 33 However, let each one of you love his wife as himself, and let the wife see that she respects her husband.

John 17:17

Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.

1 Thessalonians 5:23

23 Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1 Corinthians 6:11 (quoted above)

11 And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

1 Peter 1:2

2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood….

Philippians 2:12-13

12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

Philippians 3:13-14

13 Brothers, I do not consider that I have made it my own. But one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, 14 I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.