We love books
Milligantown Theological Society
Welcome to the Milligantown Theological Society
Discussing 17th Century ideas in a 21st Century world
We love where we find books

Episode 29 — Sin: Justification

Series: Sin

Episode 29: Sin — Justification

This week Randy Johovich and Marlin Klingensmith continue a series on Sin.

In this episode they will discuss discuss the heart of the gospel. The reformers taught that Justification was the doctrine on which the church stands or falls. The reformers saw the Roman Church was teaching errors about justification when compared with the scripture. That is why they split from Rome. To them, and to us, justification is a vitally important doctrine. We need to understand it. And so in this episode we will discuss justification.

Running time: 41:42.

For episode 29, click here.

Program notes: The following are quoted in this discussion.

Westminster Shorter Catechism

Q33: What is Justification?
A: Justification is the act of God’s free grace by which He pardons all our sins and accepts us as righteous in His sight. He does so only because He counts the righteousness of Christ as ours. Justification is received by faith alone.

Children’s Catechism

Q50: What happens in justification?
A: God forgives sinners and accepts them as if they had never sinned.

A simple and catchy definition for justification

Justification: Just as if I’d never sinned.

Strong’s definition for the Greek word: δικαιόω (dikaio)

To render, show or regard just or innocent. Free, justify, be righteous.

Lewis Berkhof

Justification is a judicial act of God, in which He declares, on the basis of the righteousness of Jesus Christ, that all the claims of the law are satisfied with respect to the sinner.

Romans 3:21-31

21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. 26 It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

27 Then what becomes of our boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? By a law of works? No, but by the law of faith. 28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law. 29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since God is one—who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith. 31 Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.

Proverbs 17:15

15 He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous
are both alike an abomination to the LORD.

Romans 8:33-34

33 Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. 34 Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised— who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us.

Jeremiah 23:5-6

5 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. 6 In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is the name by which he will be called: ‘The LORD is our righteousness.'”

Romans 3:21-22

21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe….

Romans 5:19

19 For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

2 Corinthians 5:21

21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Romans 3:23-25

23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith….

Romans 3:27-28

27 Then what becomes of our boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? By a law of works? No, but by the law of faith. 28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.

Ephesians 2:8-9

8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

Martin Luther

[Sola fide (by faith alone) is] the article with and by which the church stands, without which it falls (articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiae).

Martin Luther

The article of justification is the master and prince, the lord, the ruler, and the judge over all kinds of doctrines; it preserves and governs all church doctrine and raises up our conscience before God. Without this article the world is utter death and darkness.

Romans 3:22

22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe.

Romans 3:28

28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.

Romans 3:30

30 since God is one—who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.

Ephesians 2:8-9

8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

The Heidelberg Catechism

Q60: How are you right with God?

A: Only by true faith in Jesus Christ. Even though my conscience accuses me of having grievously sinned against all God’s commandments and of never having kept any of them, and even though I am still inclined toward all evil, nevertheless, without my deserving it at all, out of sheer grace, God grants and credits to me the perfect satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness of Christ, as if I had never sinned nor been a sinner, as if I had been as perfectly obedient as Christ was obedient for me. All I need to do is to accept this gift of God with a believing heart.

Q61: Why do you say that by faith alone you are right with God?

A: It is not because of any value my faith has that God is pleased with me. Only Christ’s satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness make me right with God. And I can receive this righteousness and make it mine in no other way than by faith alone.

Leave a Reply